Question

A circuit containing a 80-mH inductor and a 60- capacitor in series is connected to a 230 V-50 Hz supply. The resistance in the circuit is negligible. Obtain the current amplitude and rms current.  

Solution

Correct option is

11.6 A, 8.21 A

Given 

       ,

     

The inductor reactance in the circuit is 

         

The capacitive reactance in the circuit is  

          

 The impedance of the circuit is  

             

                 

The current amplitude is  

        .  

The rms current is 

       .

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

Calculate the rms current in an a.c. circuit containing a capacitor of  in series. The power supply in the circuit is rated 230 V, 50 Hz.

Q2

An alternating rms current of 1.5 mA and angular frequency  flows through a  capacitor in series. Calculate the rms voltage across the capacitor and the impedance of the circuit.

Q3

When an alternating voltage of 220 V is applied across a device X, a current 0.5 A flows through the circuit and is in phase with the applied voltage. When the same voltage is applied across another device Y, again the same current flows but it leads the voltage by . Compute the current in the circuit when the same voltage in applied across the series combination of X and Y.

Q4

 capacitor in series with a  resistor is connected to a 110V-60 Hz supply. What is the maximum current in the circuit? What is the time lag between current maximum and voltage maximum?   

Q5

A 20 V-5 W lamp is to run on 200 V-50 Hz a.c. mains. Find the capacitance of a capacitor required to run the lamp.

Q6

An alternating emf of frequency 50 Hz is applied to a series circuit ofresistance , an inductance of 100 mH and a capacitance of . Does the current lag or lead the emf and by what angle?

Q7

 capacitor, a 0.10- H inductor and a 25.0- resistor are connected with an a.c. source of emf E = 310 sin 314t. Find the frequency of the emf.

Q8

A 100-V a.c. source of frequency 500 Hz is connected to a series LCRcircuit with L = 8.1 mH. Find the difference across the resistance.

Q9

 capacitor, a 0.3-H inductor and a  resistor are connected in series with a 120-60Hz a.c. source. Calculate the impedance of the circuit.

Q10

A series L-C-R circuit having L = 1.5 H,  is connected to a 200-V a.c. supply of variable frequency. When the supply frequency equals the natural frequency of the circuit, find the average power transferred to the circuit in one full cycle.