The activity of a radioactive element reduces to th of its original value in 30 years. Find the half-life and the decay constant of the element.
7.5 years, 0.09241 per years.
If the initial number of atoms in a radioactive material be N0, then the number of atom N remaining after n half-lives is given by
The activity is proportional to the number atoms . Therefore, the number of remaining atoms is of its initial value, that is, .
The half-life T of the element is given by
= 7.5 years
The decay constant of the element is given by
= 0.09241 per years.
What is meant by the ‘half-life’ of a radioactive element? What percentage of a given mass of a radioactive substance will be left undecayed after four half-lives?
The half-life of radon is 3.8 days. Calculate how mach radon will be left out of 1024 milligram after 38 days?
1 milligram radium has . Its half-life is 1620 years. How many radium atoms will disintegrate from 1 milligram of pure radium in 3240 years?
A sample of radioactive substance has 106 radioactive nuclei. Its half-life time is 20 seconds. How many nuclei will remain after 10 seconds?
A sample contains 10–2 kg each of the two substances A and B with half-lives 4 seconds and 8 seconds respectively. Their atomic weights are in the ratio of 1 : 2. Find the amounts of A and B after an interval of 16 seconds.
The half-life of radius is 1600 years. After how many years 25% of a radium block remains undecayed?
The half-life of polonium is 140 days. In what time will 15 g of polonium be disintegrated out of its initial mass of 16 g?
The half-life of thorium-X is 3.64 days. After how many days will 0.1 of the mass of a sample of the substance remain undecayed?
How much of 5.00 gram of polonium will decay in one year? The half-life of polonium is 138 days.
The half-life of a radioactive substance is against . Calculate the decay rate for atoms of the substance.