Calculate the energy in joule equivalent to the mass of one proton. The mass of proton is 1.00728 u. Express the energy in kilowatt-hour also.
None of these
The Einstein’s energy-mass relation is
In terms of kilowatt-hour, we can write
At a given instant are 25% undecayed radioactive nuclei in a sample. After 10 seconds, the number of undecayed nuclei reduces to 12.5%. Calculate the time in which the number of undecayed nuclei will further reduce to 6.25% of the reduced number.
The normal activity of a living mater containing radioactive carbon C14 is found to be 15 decays per minute per gram of carbon. An archaeological specimen shows an activity of 9 decays per minute per gram of carbon. Estimate the age of the specimen. The half-life of C14 is 5730 years.
A radioactivity sample contains 2.2 mg of pure which has half-life period of 1224 seconds. Calculate the number of atoms present initially.
A small quantity of solution containing radionuclide (half-life 15 hours) of activity 1.0 microcurie is injected into the blood of a person. A sample of the blood of volume 1 cm3 taken after 5 hours show an activity of 296 disintegrations per minute. Determine the total volume of blood in the body of the person.
The isotopes occur in nature in the ratio 140 : 1. Assuming that at the time of earth’s formation they were present in equal ratio, make an estimation of the age of the earth. The half-lives of respectively.
A radioactive isotope X has a half-life of 3 seconds. At t = 0 second, a given sample of this isotope X contains 8000 atoms. Calculate the number of decays per second in the sample at t = t1 second.
A radioactive element of atomic weight 99 has a half-life of 6 hours. Find the activity in a solution containing 1 gram of the element in the beginning. The Avogadro’s number is .
In an ore containing uranium, the ratio of nuclei is 3. Calculate the age of the ore, assuming that all the lead present in the ore is the final stable product of . Take the half-life of .
The mean lives of a radioactive substance are 1620 years and 405 years for-emission and -emission respectively. Find out the time during which three-fourth of a sample will decay if it is decaying both by -emission and-emission simultaneously.
An electron-positron pair is produced by the materialization of a gamma-ray photon of 2.26 MeV. How much kinetic energy is imparted to each of the charged particle? The rest mass of elector is and the speed of light is . Take .