Question

A soap film is on a rectangular wire ring of size . If the size of the film is changed to , then calculate the work done in this process. The surface tension of soap film is 

Solution

Correct option is

 

Initial surface-area of the film, 

          

          

Final surface-area of the film, 

          

          

Increase in surface-area, 

          

          .   

Film has two surfaces. Hence net increase in surface-area of the film is

       

             .

 work done = surface tension  increase in area   

                       

                     .  

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

 

A rod of length 6 m has a mass 12 kg. It is hinged at one end at a distance of 3 m below water surface. (a) What weight must be attached to the other end of the rod so that 5 m of the rod are submerged? (b) Find the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by the hinge on the rod. 

(Specific gravity of rod is 0.5).

Q2

 

A large block of ice 5 m thick has a vertical hole drilled through it floating in the middle of a lake. What is the minimum length of a rope required to scoop up a bucket full of water through the hole?

[RD of ice = 0.9]

                                                                              

Q3

 

A cubical block of iron 5 cm on each side is floating on mercury in a vessel. Water is poured into the vessel so that it just covers the iron block. What is the height of water column? 

[RD of Hg = 13.6 and Fe = 7.2] 

Q4

A glass beaker having mass 390 g and an interior volume of 500 cm3 floats on water when it is less than half filled with water. What is the density of the material of the beaker?

Q5

 

A block of wood weighs 12 kg and has a relative density 0.6. It is to be in water with 0.9 of its volume immersed. What weight of a metal is needed if the metal is attached below the wood?

[RD of metal = 14]  

Q6

A wooden stick of length L, radius R and density  has a small metal piece of mass m (of negligible volume) attached to its one end. Find the minimum value of the mass m (in terms of given parameters) that would make the stick float vertically in equilibrium in a liquid of density 

Q7

Calculate the rate of flow of glycerine of density  through the conical section of a pipe, if the radii of its ends are 0.1 m and 0.04 m and the pressure drop across its length is 10 N/m2.

Q8

A non-viscous liquid of constant density 1000 kg/m3 flows in a streamline motion along a tube of variable cross-section. The tube is kept inclined in the vertical plane as shown in figure. The area of cross-section of the tube at two points P and Q at heights of 2 metre and 5 metre are respectively  the velocity of the liquid at point P is 1 m/s. Find the work done per unit volume by the pressure and the gravity forces as the fluid flows from point P to Q.     

                                                          

Q9

The fresh water behind a reservoir dam is 15 m deep. A horizontal pipe 4.0 cm in diameter passes through the dam 6.0 m below the water surface as shown in figure. A plug secures the pipe opening. The plug is removed. What volume of water flows out of the pipe in 3.0- hour?     

                                                          

Q10

The surface tension of a soap solution is 0.03 N/m. How much work is required to form a bubble of 1.0 cm radius from this solution?