Question

A drop of mercury has a radius of 3.00 mm at room temperature. The surface tension of mercury at that temperature is 0.465 Nm–1. Find excess pressure inside the drop and the total pressure inside the drop. The atmospheric pressure is .

Solution

Correct option is

 

Let T be the surface tension of mercury and R the radius of the drop. Then, the excess pressure inside the drop is

        

           

           = 310 Nm–2 (or Pa). 

The atmospheric pressure is . Therefore, the total inside the drop is

             

                   .

Since the quantities are given upto three significant figures, the total pressure should be written as .

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

A wooden stick of length L, radius R and density  has a small metal piece of mass m (of negligible volume) attached to its one end. Find the minimum value of the mass m (in terms of given parameters) that would make the stick float vertically in equilibrium in a liquid of density 

Q2

Calculate the rate of flow of glycerine of density  through the conical section of a pipe, if the radii of its ends are 0.1 m and 0.04 m and the pressure drop across its length is 10 N/m2.

Q3

A non-viscous liquid of constant density 1000 kg/m3 flows in a streamline motion along a tube of variable cross-section. The tube is kept inclined in the vertical plane as shown in figure. The area of cross-section of the tube at two points P and Q at heights of 2 metre and 5 metre are respectively  the velocity of the liquid at point P is 1 m/s. Find the work done per unit volume by the pressure and the gravity forces as the fluid flows from point P to Q.     

                                                          

Q4

The fresh water behind a reservoir dam is 15 m deep. A horizontal pipe 4.0 cm in diameter passes through the dam 6.0 m below the water surface as shown in figure. A plug secures the pipe opening. The plug is removed. What volume of water flows out of the pipe in 3.0- hour?     

                                                          

Q5

A soap film is on a rectangular wire ring of size . If the size of the film is changed to , then calculate the work done in this process. The surface tension of soap film is 

Q6

The surface tension of a soap solution is 0.03 N/m. How much work is required to form a bubble of 1.0 cm radius from this solution? 

Q7

A mercury drop of radius 1.0 mm breaks up into 64 droplets of equal volumes. Calculate the work done in this process. (Surface tension is mercury is 0.465 N/m)  

Q8

 

A big drop is formed by coalesing 1000 small droplets of water. What will be the change in surface energy? 

What will be the ratio between the total surface energy of the droplets and the surface energy of the big drop?

Q9

 joule work is being done in breaking a big drop of water of radius R into 1000 small drops of equal size. Find out the surface tension of water.

Q10

What is the excess pressure in a soap bubble of radius 5.00 mm at 20oC? The surface tension of soap solution at 20oC is .