Question

A cylindrical vessel of area of cross-section and filled with liquid to a height of h1 has a capillary tube of length 1 and radius r protruding horizontally at its bottom. If the viscosity of liquid is , density  and g = 9.8 m/s2, find the time in which the level of water in vessel falls to h2.

Solution

Correct option is

 

Lat h be the height of water level in the vessel at instant t which decreases by dh in time dt.   

 Rate of flow of water through capillary tube,

            

Further the rate of flow as given by Poiseuille formula, 

          

From eq. (i) and (ii), 

          

Required time is obtained by integrating, 

          

             .  

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

A boat of area 10 m2 floating on the surface of a river is made to move horizontally with a speed of 2 m/s by applying a tangential force. If the river is 1 m deep and the water in contact with the bed is stationary, find the tangential force needed to keep the boat moving with same velocity. Viscosity of water is 0.01 poise.   

Q2

The velocity of water in a river is 18 km/hr at the surface. If the river is 5 m deep, find the shearing stress between the horizontal layers of water. The viscosity of water is 10–3 poiseuille.  

Q3

The velocity of a small ball of mass m and density d1 when droped in a container filled with glycerine becomes constant after some time. What is the viscous force acting on the ball if density of glycerine is d2?

Q4

Find the velocity of glycerine (having density 1.3 g/cc) if a steel ball of 2 mm radius (density = 8 g/cc) acquires a terminal velocity of 4 cm/s in falling freely in the tank of glycerine.

Q5

An area bubble of radius 1mm is allowed to rise through a long cylindrical column of a viscous liquid of radius 5 cm and travels at a steady rate of 2.1 cm per sec. If the density of the liquid is 1.47 g per cc, find its velocity. Assume g = 980 cm/sec2 and neglect the density of air.

Q6

Two equal drops of water are falling through air with a steady velocity v. If the drops coalesced, what will be the new velocity.

Q7

A spherical ball of radius  and 104 kg/m3 falls freely under gravity through a distance h before entering a tank of water. If after entering the water the velocity of the ball does not change, find h. The viscosity of water is .

Q8

Water flows through a capillary tube of radius r and length l at a rate of 40 ml per second, when connected to a pressure difference of h cm of water. Another tube of the same length but radius r/2 is connected in series with this tube and the combination is connected to the same pressure head. Calculate the pressure difference across each tube and the rate of flow of water through the combination.  

Q9

 

Spherical particles of pollen are shaken up in water and allowed to settle. The depth of the water is . What is the diameter of largest particles remaining in suspension on hour later?

   

Q10

Vessel whose bottom has round holes with diameter of 1 mm is filled with water. Assuming that surface tension acts only at holes, find the maximum height to which the water can filled in the vessel without leakage. Given that surface tension of water is