Question

A vertical off-shore structure is built to withstand a maximum stress of 108Pa. The structure is suitable for putting up on the top of an oil well in Bombay High at a location where the depth of the sea is less than

(Take g = 10 ms–2 and density of sea water = 1000 kgm–3) 

Solution

Correct option is

10 km

 

Maximum pressure the structure can withstand (P) = 108 Pa. Since the pressure exerted by sea water on the structure of height, 

           

the maximum value of h is 

           

                     

                      = 104 m = 10 km

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

Two separate air bubbles (radii 0.002 m and 0.004 m) formed of the same liquid (surface tension 0.07 N/m) come together to form a double bubble. Find the radius and the sense of curvature of the internal film surface common to both the bubbles. 

Q2

A glass capillary sealed at the upper end is of length 0.11 m and internal diameter . The tube is immersed vertically into a liquid of surface tension . To what length has the capillary to be immersed so that the liquid level inside and outside the capillary becomes the same? What will happen to the water level inside the capillary if the seal is now broken?

Q3

A conical glass tube of length 0.1 m has diameters 10–3 and  at the ends. When it is just immersed in a liquid at 0oC with larger diameter in contact with it, the liquid rises to  in the tube. If another cylindrical glass capillary tube B is immersed in the same liquid at 0oC, the liquid rises to  height. The rise of liquid in the tube B is only  when the liquid is at 50oC. Find the rate at which the surface tension changes with temperature considering the change to be linear. The density of the liquid is  and angle of contact is zero. Effect of temperature on density of liquid and glass is negligible.

                                                                

Q4

A rectangular container with base  contains 5 kg of water. What is the pressure exerted by water at the bottom of the container? 

Q5

A cylindrical jar of cross-sectional area 0.01 m2 is filled with water to a height of 50 cm. It carries a tight-fitting piston of negligible mass. What is the pressure at the bottom of the jar when a mass 1 kg is placed on the piston? Take g = 10 ms–2.

Q6

A hydraulic lift is used to lift a car of mass 3000 kg. The cross-sectional area of the lift on which the car is supported is . What is the pressure on the smaller piston, if both the pistons are at the same horizontal level?

Take g =10 ms–2

Q7

A spherical ball of radius  and 104 kg/m3 falls freely under gravity through a distance h before entering a tank of water. If after entering the water the velocity of the ball does not change, find h. The viscosity of water is .  

Q8

A ring is cut from a platinum tube of 8.5 cm internal and 8.7 cm external diameter. It is supported horizontally from a pan of a balance so that it comes in contact with the water in a glass vessel. What is the surface tension of water is an extra 3.97 g weight is required to pull it away from water? (g = 980 cm/s2)

                                                           

Q9

What is the pressure on the smaller piston if the bigger piston is 5 m above the smaller piston. The density of oil filling the hydraulic machine is 800 kg m–3.

Q10

A tank with a square base of area 2.0 m2 is divided into two compartments by a vertical partition in the middle. There is a small hinged door of face area 20 cm2 at the bottom of the partition. Water is filled in one compartment and an acid of relative density 1.5 in the other, both to a height of 4 m. If g = 10 ms–2, the force necessary to keep to door closed is