A small drop of water of surface tension is squeezed between two clean glass plates so that a thin layer of thickness d and area A is formed between them. If the angle of contact is zero, the force required to pull the plates apart is
An extremely thin layer of a liquid can be regarded as a collection of a large number of semi-spherical drops. Hence the excess pressure across a thin layer of a liquid is as in the case of a spherical drop, where r = d/2. Therefore, excess pressure is
Force due to surface tension pushing the two plates together is
F = excess pressure area of layer
Two identical cylindrical vessels, each of base area A, have their bases at the same horizontal level. They contain a liquid of density . In one vessel the height of the liquid is h1 and in the other h2 > h1. When the two vessels are connected, the work done by gravity in equalizing the levels is
A cylindrical jar has radius r. To what height h should it be filled with a liquid so that the force exerted by the liquid on the sides of the jar equals the force exerted on the bottom?
A rectangular tank is filled to the brim with water. When a hole at its bottom is unplugged, the tank is emptied in time T. If the tank is half-filled with water, it will be emptied in time
Two capillary tubes A and B of radii ra and rb and lengths la and lbrespectively are held horizontally. The volume of water flowing per second through tube A is Qa when the pressure difference across its ends is maintained at P. When the same pressure difference is maintained across tube B, the volume of water flowing per second through it is Qb. The ratio is
. If a pressure difference P is maintained across tube A, the rate of flow of water in it is Q. If the tubes are connected in series and the same pressure difference P is maintained across the combination, the rate of flow through the combination will be
If the surface tension of soap solution is , What is the work done in blowing soap bubble of radius r?
The work done to break up a drop of a liquid of radius R and surface tension into eight drops, all of the same size, is
A soap bubble of radius r is blown up to form a bubble of radius 2r under isothermal conditions. If is the surface tension of soap solution, the energy spent in doing so is
If the air bubble is formed at a depth h inside the container of soap solution of density , the total pressure inside the bubble is (here P0denotes the atmospheric pressure)
Eight drop of water, each of radius r, coalesce to form a single big drop. The energy released is used up in raising the temperature of the big drop. If is the surface tension of water and its density and J the mechanical equivalent of heat (all expressed in SI units), the rise in the temperature of the drop is