Question

If there are no heat losses, the heat released by the condensation of xgrams of steam at 100oC into water 100oC converts y grams of ice at 0oC into water at 100oC. The ratio y/is nearly

Solution

Correct option is

3

 

The latent heat of vaporization of water is very nearly 540 calories per gram. Therefore heat released in the condensation of x gram of steam = 540 calories. The latent heat of fusion of ice is very nearly 80 calories. Therefore, heat required to convent y gram of ice at 0oC to water at 100oC = 80 y + 100 y = 180 y calories. Thus

                       180 y = 540 x

or                        

SIMILAR QUESTIONS

Q1

A metallic container is completely filled with a liquid. The coefficient of linear expansion of the metal is  per oC and the coefficient of cubical expansion of the liquid is  per oC. On heating the vessel,

Q2

A thin metal square plate has length l. When it is heated from 0oC to 100oC, its length increases by 1%. What is the percentage increase in the area of the plate?

Q3

A glass flask of volume 500 cm3 is completely filled with a liquid at 0oC. When it is placed in boiling water at 100oC, 75 cm3 of the liquid overflows. If the coefficient of cubical expansion of glass is  oC-1, what is the coefficient of cubical expansion of the liquid?

Q4

A thin metal square plate has length l. When it is heated from 0oC to 100oC, its length increases by 1%. What is the percentage increase in the area of the plate?

Q5

The density of a liquid of coefficient of cubical expansion . When the liquid is heated to a temperature T, the change in density will be

Q6

Two rods of different materials having coefficient of thermal expansion  and Young’s modulii Y1 and Y2 are fixed between two rigid and massive walls. The rods are heated to the same temperature. If there is no bending of the rods, the thermal stresses developed in them are equal provided

Q7

300 g of water at 25oC is added to 100 g of ice at 0oC. The final temperature of the mixture is

Q8

100 g of ice at 0oC is mixed with 100 g of water 80oC. The final temperature of the mixture will be

Q9

Steam at 100oC is passed into 1.1 kg of water contained in a calorimeter of water equivalent 0.02 kg at 15oC till the temperature of the calorimeter rises to 80oC. The mass of steam condensed in kilogram is

Q10

One mole of oxygen is heated from 0oC, at constant pressure, till its volume increases by 10%. The specific heat of oxygen, under these conditions is 0.22 cal g – 1 K – 1. The amount of heat required (in joules) is