Water from a tap emerges vertically downward with an initial speed of 1.0 ms–1. The cross-sectional area of the tap is 10–4 m2. Assume that the pressure is constant throughout the stream of water, and that the flow is steady. The cross-sectional area of the stream 0.15 m below the tap is : (g = 10 m/s2)
By Bernoulli’s theorem,
Here h1 = 0, h2 = –0.15 m, v1 = 1.0 m/s and g = 10 ms–2
Solving v2 = 2.0 ms–1
Now, from continuity eq.
A balloon filled with hydrogen has a volume of 1 m3 and its mass is 1 kg. What would be the volume of block of a very light material which it can just lift?
[Density of material of block is 91.3 kg/m3 and that of air is 1.3 kg/m3]
A certain block weighs 15 N in air. It weighs 12 N when immersed in water. When immersed in another liquid, it weighs 13 N? Calculate the relative density of (a) the block (b) the other liquid.
A piece of copper having an internal cavity weighs 264 g in air and 221 g in water. Find the volume of the cavity. Density of copper is 8.8 g/cc.
A piece of brass (alloy of copper and zinc) weighs 12.9 g in air. When completely immersed in water it weighs 11.3 g. what is the mass of copper contained in the alloy? Specific gravities of copper and zinc are 8.9 and 7.1 respectively.
In English the phrase ‘tip of the iceberg’ is used to mean a small visible fraction of something that is mostly hidden. For a real iceberg what is this fraction if the density of sea water is 1.03 g/cc and that of ice is 0.92 g/cc?
A piece of metal floats on mercury. The coefficient of volume expansion of the metal and mercury are respectively. If the temperature of both mercury and metal are increased by an amount , by what factor the fraction of the volume of the metal submerged in mercury changes?
A block of wood floats in water with two-thirds of its volume submerged. In oil the block floats with 0.90 of its volume submerged. Find the density of (a) wood and (b) oil, if density of water is 103 kg/m3.
Air is streaming past a horizontal aeroplane wing such that its speed is 120 m/s over the upper surface and 90 m/s at the lower surface. If the density of air is 1.3 kg/m3, find the difference in pressure between the top and bottom of the wing. If the wing is 10 m long and has an average width 2m, calculate the gross lift of the wing.
A horizontal pipe line carries water in a streamline flow. At a point along the pipe where the cross-section area is 10 cm2, the water velocity is 1 m/s and the pressure is 2000 Pa. What is the pressure of water at another point where the cross-section area is 5 cm2?
Water is filled in a cylindrical container upto a height of 3 m. A hole of cross-section area a is made in the wall of the container at a height of 52.5 cm from the bottom. The cross-section area of the container is A. If a/A = 0.1, then the squire of the speed of water coming out from the hole is (g = 10 m/s2)